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Aging: Daily Crosswords and Puzzles Keep your brain sharp as it gets older



O Not a day, we can have a legendary impression on the creator Will Shortz for thanking us for defending our brain from destroying aging. Expenditure for a long time with a crossword puzzle or a numerical puzzle, scientists suggest, has an incredible potential to retain memory even when the time starts to choose your brain.

For two years, senior researcher Anne Corbett, at the University of Exeter, has been working on two studies of how anti-corrosion powers are verbal puzzles such as crossword puzzles and numerical puzzles such as Sudoku.

In both studies, she used data from the UK-based PROTECT study, which was a huge study of brain data. Corbett and her team used data from 1

9,708 participants from 50 to 93, and found that people who performed verbal or numerical puzzles had much more scores for the tests that measured 14 different types of cognition. She and her team reported their findings on verbal puzzles in 2018. November and 2019 February. The international magazine Geriatric Psychiatry

These studies show that older people, who often take the puzzle, had short-term memory capacity – eight years younger, and grammatical arguments – every ten years younger.

"We hope this will encourage people to consider how they regularly challenge their brains, and possibly consider incorporating puzzles or evidence-based brain training games into their lifestyle method to make their brains healthy," says Corbett Inverse “

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People who even crossed a few times a week surpassed those who didn't make any puzzles about cognitive tests.

Advantages of word and number puzzles

The Corbett study is one of the few indications that frequent involvement in puzzles has a long-term effect on memory and cognitive decline, slow memory loss, and other problem-solving skills that accompany aging (and also exist). Characteristics of brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease: Other studies include the Bronx Aging study, which showed that patients with dementia with chest crosswords began to lose their memory for about 2.54 years later than those who lost their crossword puzzles.

We are not yet able to make accurate clinical findings from the Corbett study – all of its participants were healthy individuals who did not have the brain Diseases – Anyone who just wants to keep their mental edge "The latest online cohort for older people," she says. "No other study has a cohort of such size that would carry out such sensitive brain function tests."

When comparing people who did word puzzles with those who didn't, Corbett noticed that there are very different grammatical arguments, model recognition tests and attention intensity indices. Those who have never been puzzles were "much worse" for people who did any level of puzzle, even just a few times a week.

Meanwhile, people who often participated in many puzzles had better episodic memory – long-term memories that include emotions and context. They also performed spatial work memory tests that include physical memories, improved attention, processing speed, and improved performance.

Why these puzzles protect the brain

These results double the idea of ​​"use or lose", says Corbett, a phrase that includes a cognitive reserve hypothesis. This thought suggests that there are things we can do in our lives that we can protect from falling memory or even dementia in later years.

Education is often referred to as one of these things (although there is some evidence that complicates this idea). Leisure activities such as Exercise can also help strengthen the brain. Now, based on Corbett results, we can add crosswords and Sudoku to the list.

"Creating word and number impressions promotes parts of our brain that solve problems and memory, as well as other features such as Concentration and Attention. That is why these aspects of brain function have had the greatest impact on our research, ”she explains.

Corbett himself is not a daily crossword puzzle. "I'm trying!" She says, noting that she is taking the puzzle and who is now. However, her results show that it is worth mentioning some time with a puzzle book or program on her daily schedule. Even if it does not pay off now, the results may occur when they are actually counted.

Purpose: Affordable lifestyle interventions that can preserve cognitive function in an aging society and later generations are a growing area of ​​research. PROTECT study data were used to investigate whether the use of a number puzzle is related to the cognitive function of the elderly

Methods: Data from 19,078 healthy volunteers aged 50-93 who participated in the online PROTECT study were evaluated for self-reported frequencies frequency of puzzles. Two cognitive test batteries were used to evaluate the main aspects of cognitive function, including argumentation, focused and long-term attention, information processing, executive function, work memory, and episodic memory. Covariance analysis was used to detect differences between six frequency groups.

Results: In all 14 cognitive measures, a very statistically significant frequency puzzle frequency was observed when P values ​​were less than 0.0004. Interestingly, participants who counted more than once a day in computational puzzles had better cognitive outcomes in 10 key measures compared to all other frequency groups, although not all were statistically significant. Conclusions: This study showed a close relationship between the number of exercise frequency and the quality of cognitive function in adults aged 50 to 93 years. In order to determine the value of these discoveries as a potential intervention, further research should investigate the number and type of puzzles. These facts further contribute to the growing evidence that engaging in mental stimulation can benefit the brain function of an aging population


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