For about two years, Apple has been locked in a legal battle with one of its suppliers, Qualcomm, and the iPhone manufacturer publicly stated that the chip
however, " Apple's internal Qualcomm memory, which this week showed that among the two technology companies, Apple's hardware managers applied the "best" words to describe Qualcomm's engineering. Another note from Apple described Qualcomm as a "unique part of the patent" and a "significant shareholding".
The closed documents obtained during Qualcomm's discovery phase before the test offer a rare window to the decision-making process. the most mysterious and powerful companies in the world and how Apple's internal discussion about Qualcomm was different from what it publicly announced. Apple's criticism of Qualcomm was based on more than 80 worldwide claims and influenced governments to change laws and regulations in favor of Apple. The Washington Post Reporter's Courts Are Visible By Email Letters and slideshows may soon be available for everyone to see because they have been shown in court. Both parties resolved their dispute on Tuesday, shortly after the launch of the investigation
The documents also raise questions about the methods Apple used to cause Qualcomm pain and whether Apple really believed in its arguments to legislators. Regulators, judges and jury tried to change not only their long-term business contract with Qualcomm, but also the laws and practices that allowed inventors to benefit from their work and investment. Apple claimed that Qualcomm's patents were no more valuable than competitors, such as Ericsson and Huawei, but Qualcomm had claimed in court that the documents showed otherwise.
"Although there are very often companies playing legal disputes, disclosure of these documents is very uncomfortable," said Adam Mossoff, a law professor at George Mason University, and director of the Center for Intellectual Property Protection. "This may reveal that Apple has unexpectedly argued against the value and nature of Qualcomm's proprietary innovation both against antitrust law enforcement and courts."
Qualcomm and Apple refused to comment. Two companies completed this week signed a six-year licensing agreement and a multi-annual supply agreement. Apple will also pay an unspecified amount to Qualcomm.
For many years, Apple has purchased Qualcomm wireless modem chips for its iPhone phones and paid a chipmaker of about $ 7.50 per device, according to court documents. 2009 The internal memory of the accountant said Qualcomm is "widely regarded as the owner of the strongest patent portfolio for essential and relevant patents for wireless standards," according to a court-disclosed document. 2015 March. Email In a letter that was part of the sealed documents, Apple hardware vice president Johny Srouji wrote about Qualcomm's "Engineering wise, they were the best." The report, reported by Qualcomm on Tuesday, showed that Apple was going to claim Qualcomm in 2014, but was planning to wait until 2016. The end is until Qualcomm will pay billions of dollars in payments to Apple as part of a business cooperation agreement. From 2016 June An Apple document, called Qualcomm Royalty Reduction, was filed by Qualcomm with Qualcomm in San Diego Federal Court six months ago
. The goal was clearly stated: "Purpose: Reduce Apple's net Qualcomm royalties," said Apple in a number of ways it intended to do, such as Hurt Qualcomm, Financial Risk, and "Put Qualcomm Licensing" model.
Apple 2017 Pioneer has been disgusted with the wireless modem chip market. Apple claims that Qualcomm has taken advantage of its position on reloading its patent licenses.
On Tuesday, Apple's lawyer Ruffin Cordell used the relatively inexpensive patent licenses Apple signed with companies such as Ericsson and Huawei to show how Qualcomm cost. In court, Cordell said that the group of patents was twice the size of Qualcomm, but Apple cost a fraction of the cost. “Is it meaningful? Is this right and reasonable? "He asked the jury.
But there was more narration. In one of the documents mentioned by Qualcomm's lawyers, Apple said it was trying to "create evidence" by strictly licensing other cheaper patents to make Qualcomm look expensive. According to the documents, Apple said it would "selectively filter" the patent license group for "most preferred transactions" using patents as "evidence-like disputes with others". Qualcomm's attorney Evan Chesler said "others" mention Qualcomm. Apple refused to comment on documents and suspicions.
"So they went to these other companies and have been negotiating very cheap deals over the last few years to create evidence that will come here and say these guys are good guys because they are less than their patents and we are bad guys, ”said Chesler Jury.
Due to the nature of mobile phones, many of Qualcomm's technological innovations are becoming part of the global wireless standard, so most mobile phones can operate anywhere in the world. Therefore, patents used in wireless standards are very useful because they are necessary for technology. But there is a compromise. Those who have patents on parts of the standards agree to license the technology at a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory rate known to the industry as FRAND.
According to internal documents disclosed by the court, Apple wrote that it had signed a patent licensing agreement "based on well-established and fairly transparent collection of patent licenses".
On Thursday, Apple took a different shade, claiming that Qualcomm used monopoly power to breach FRAND's obligations. Qualcomm has fought for a part of the Qualcomm Royalty Reduction plan, where Apple decided to "redesign FRAND" to get better conditions for Apple. Qualcomm's Chesler described it as a jury in a cynical effort to make Apple distort the truth.
Apple provided similar arguments for alleged breach of Qualcomm's FRAND commitments in January. California Federal Court where Federal Trade Commission accused Qualcomm of violations. The outcome of the FTC study, which has yet to be resolved, has the potential to set a precedent not only for Apple and Qualcomm, but also for any inventor whose innovations become part of technology standards, including universities and individual researchers.
according to Qualcomm, came when Apple ordered its manufacturers who build iPhone, computers, and other products to pay Qualcomm royalties for patent licensing agreements. Qualcomm said that Apple also planned this step earlier and even outlined possible legal scenarios. "Apple runs the risk of violations, abundant interventions, and all royalties (including any interest, penalties, etc.)," said Apple's Rewards Plan
. In its reduction plan, he recognized his legal risk, a small threat to a company that last year became the first market capitalization of over $ 1 trillion and has $ 245 billion. dollars in cash.
Qualcomm's risk was higher. San Diego's stock price dropped and dismissed 1,500 employees
The two companies' settlement was announced in the last Chesler Statement Initiation Protocols. Qualcomm's share price has risen by over 30 percent.