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Calculation of school shooting since 2013



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By Nigel Chiwaya, Polly DeFrank and Jeremiah Kimelman

This observer will continually strive to identify and contextualize shootings in all types of schools from kindergarten to college, throughout the US

The observer focuses on the school shooting segment, where an active shooter is injured, injured or killed by at least one student or faculty member at school or school. school event. Read all NBC news criteria related to school shooting, including the definition of an FBI active shooter.

Why We Do It

Each time a large school photograph is taking place in the United States, the national conversation immediately indicates the number of similar events that occurred at that time. Watches broadcast by radio, published in the newspaper and shared on the Internet, differ according to the definition of news organization and school shooting

Several organizations and databases follow school violence, including Everytown for Gun Safety Washington Post School shooting database and US education Department. These publishers contribute to the public's understanding of the impact of weapons violence, although each of them can provide a different number of shots that occurred during a given period.

Dr. Daniel Webster, a professor at the John Hopkins Arms Policy and Research Center, said it was difficult to study weapon violence as what was considered a school shoot.

"Suppose the evening shot a school," Webster said. "It has nothing to do with school day and does not include a pupil, but you can set it up in a database because it is a school. This forces you to do something. “

Different amounts can cause confusion about the number of school fires. After hours of mass shooting Marjory Stoneman Douglas at High School Parkland, Florida, 2018 On February 14, Everytown for Gun Safety, which follows every fire at school, mentioned it was the 18th event in 2018. Twitter has been retreated more than 800 times, encouraging the Washington Post to note that only five of the 18 cases occurred during school hours and caused injury.

Dr. Lacey Wallace, Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, told NBC News that broad definitions create inflated firing amounts, while inflated amounts cause public fear.

"The higher this figure, the more people are afraid to send their children to school," Wallace said.

"Our schools are pretty safe, and in most cases they are safer than the surrounding communities," said Wallace.

NBC News teams collaborated, studied existing school shooting databases and sources, and developed school shooting rate criteria for all of the company's news offices to better match their reports.

How NBC News Counts School Shooting [19659010] Federal Security School Initiative was created after 1999 Colombian high school massacre to help determine how to prevent future attacks. Her report examines cases of 'targeted violence' at school where the school was deliberately selected.

In order to capture the active shooter arriving at school, the terror of NBC news observation focuses on the description of incidents described in the Safe School Initiative Report

NBC News School Shooting Tracker includes fireworks adapted to the following criteria:

  1. One or more More active shooters. The FBI defines an active shooter as a person attempting to kill people in a confined space or in a residential area

  2. During a school asset, through schools and student entry or departure, or at school-approved or school-sponsored events. Schools are defined as kindergartens to colleges, universities and technical schools.

  3. It is intended to harm students or faculties with a weapon.

  4. There is at least one person's injury or death.

And although every case of school violence is serious and can cause injuries and suffering to children and adults who suffer from it in order to capture a subgroup of weapons violence as described in the Safe School Initiative Report, our number does not include:

  1. Unhappy weapon release at school

  2. Firearm suicide at school

  3. Separate fighting, disputes or domestic disputes, including gang violence

Methodology

Our data is based on analysis of news reports from law enforcement reports, Everytown for Gun Safety, news reports and other publicly available information. Shooting events are recorded and evaluated when new information is received and added to our published school shooting dataset when an incident corresponding to the NBC News standard for school shooting is identified.

Helen Kwong, Alexis Welch and Joe Murphy .


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