قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / World / Endangered tigers captured in Thailand reinforce hope for the species’ survival

Endangered tigers captured in Thailand reinforce hope for the species’ survival



The footage of the big cats revives the hope that the tigers will return to the country’s forests after they were nearly extinct and sold in the illegal wildlife trade.

Remote camera traps captured three young Indochina tigers in February and March. In one shot, a curious tiger accesses the camera and checks the device.

Announced to coincide with World Tiger Day, the images were captured through a joint monitoring program by Thailand’s National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Protection Department (DNP), the World Wildlife Conservation Organization (Panthera) and the London Zoological Society (ZSL).

“In a sea of ​​knowledge that casts doubt on the future of our planet̵

7;s fauna, this development is a welcome sign of hope and a possible flood of floods in Thailand,” said John Goodrich, Panthera’s chief scientist and director of the tiger program. .

The tigers are thought to have migrated south of the established breeding population, with at least one tiger traveling about 80 kilometers (50 miles) to reach a new area near the Myanmar border.

This part of Thailand is remote, mountainous and overgrown with thick rainforest. However, the exact location of the tigers was not made public to protect them from poachers.

“We believe they are quite young and we think they are all men,” said Chris Hallam, Southeast Asia Regional Coordinator, Panthera World Wildlife Protection Organization.

Hallam argued that the evidence for the movement of tigers to previously unseen areas was significant because it means those areas are sufficiently protected and have enough prey to settle.

“We don’t know they’re really deserted in that place, but we’re watching them closely,” he said, adding that their presence means “restoring an area that would have historically been tigers and is now kind of hospitable. them back. “

There are about 160 wild tigers left in Thailand.

Insufficient existence

It is estimated that 3,900 tigers remain in the wild around the world, up from 100,000 a century ago, mostly in India. It is estimated that only 160 tigers remained in Thailand.

Poaching is a major cause of the number of tigers depleted, with animals being hunted and killed to stimulate demand for wildlife trade worth several billion dollars. Tiger parts such as skin and bone are highly sought after in the traditional medicine market.

The destruction of their habitats through logging and human encroachment also contributed to the decline.

Although tiger populations once flourished in much of Asia, they were destroyed in China, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and much of Myanmar. Three populations have already become extinct – the Caspian, Javanese and Bali tigers. The South Chinese tiger is also critically endangered and may become extinct in the wild.

2010 All 13 countries where tigers live have pledged to double the number of wild tigers by 2022, the Year of the Tiger in the Chinese zodiac. The Global Tiger Recovery Program has had some success, including in India and Nepal.

According to the national survey, the Indian tiger population in 2014–2018. It increased by a third and consisted of almost 3,000 animals.
Other areas survived poorly. 2019 The report says there are no tigers left in Laos, and some experts warn that the tiger population in the Malaysian peninsula could become extinct in two to three years.

The new findings in Thailand are then extremely important for the survival of the whole species.

“Thailand is extremely important for the tiger population and the preservation of tigers,” said a spokesman for Pantera’s Hallam. “Thailand, especially the Indochina tiger, is the last bastion of hope to regain that species.”

Saxon Simcharoen, head of wildlife research at DNP Thailand, said the observations “encourage the future of tigers in our country and beyond.”

“These tigers are at a disadvantage. Sustainable and stronger protection of the area from any poaching is an essential tool to ensure that these individuals live, helping the Thai tigers to recover,” he said.

Remote camera traps captured three young Indonesian tigers in western Thailand in a matter of months.

Thai success

Recognizing that tigers have become extinct in Thailand, the government has announced a plan for 2022. Increase the number of tigers by 50%, and some success was achieved.

The second world-known breed, the Indochina tiger population, was identified in eastern Thailand in 2016.

The discovery of the Dong-Phayayen Khao Yai Forest Complex at a UNESCO World Heritage Site included images of tiger cubs and was a significant step in ensuring the survival of tigers in the country.

The largest breeding ground is in the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries in western Thailand.

The new findings, which are believed to have spread from the region, are the result of seven years of efforts to support protected areas and tiger habitats, train ranger training, strengthening law enforcement and working with villages to better understand livelihoods and alleviate human and wildlife life. . conflict.

“To see peak predators such as tigers returning to the forests means the ecosystem is recovering, which benefits the entire wildlife,” said Eileen Larney, ZSL’s chief technical adviser in Thailand.

“The situation of tigers around the world remains precarious, but such successes show that as we work with communities and governments, we can see that the population is beginning to recover.”


Source link