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Heartbeat and Heroism of X-Men in Alzheimer's Disease | Health

T gladly invited each other X-Men named by the mutation superhero comic team

They have a rare genetic form of Alzheimer's disease that accounts for only 1 percent. Already early – in the 1930s and 40s – deceptive families.

Those who have a genetic mutation are almost certain that they will develop the disease and have a 50% chance of passing it on to their child.

as one small moment, a huge guillotine cut 30 years from my life and our future, ”said Jetske van der Schaar, 37th, from the Netherlands, and at the annual conference with the family with the mutation. 1

9659003] When van der Schaar found out that she had a mutation, she watched her heart break in the future, taking care of her mother who died in the early 50s of Alzheimer's disease.

This is not a comic book. But for these researchers, these families are heroes. They can be the key to Alzheimer's treatment and even cure.

They provided answers on how progressive brain disease progresses from 20 or more years before the onset of the first symptoms

They are the first to study whether drugs can prevent or slow down the onset of Alzheimer's dementia, rather than trying to treat the disease after symptoms.

Last year, the University of Washington Medical School, which began studying families around the world, dominated hereditary Alzheimer's.

Today, Washington U. Study Participants in 20 Study Locations Worldwide and Drug Research at 41 International Websites. The federal government has allocated nearly $ 200 million in funding

At the end of this year, the drug investigation will be completed and a lot of expected findings will soon be released. Another study is expected to be conducted in pre-treatment tests for patients 18 years of age.

"This will be a very important clinical trial. This can have a dramatic effect, ”said Dr. Eric McDade, Director of Drug Addiction Research at the University of Washington.

Scientists hope that they will be able to apply the findings more often, but it is much more difficult to learn by accident Alzheimer's. Approximately 5.7 million Americans live with Alzheimer's dementia. This is the sixth leading cause of death and the main cause of disability.

"You are a real inspiration," President Harry John of the Alzheimer's Association said last summer at his annual conference in Chicago. "You are the real champions who will eventually change and realize so many of the needs of the world."

From 2015 onwards. Families and scientists who study them met every year. They help each other to cope, find strength and fight their way. They motivate each other

Together they feel they can change the trajectory of the disease

. They were confused and silent. Van der Schaar in a speech at the Chicago conference told the crowd that their stories could stop isolation.

"We all are so much stronger than we ever thought we could be," she said. "Our greatest weakness is also our greatest strength."

Finding adequate patients

Spinal fluid studies have shown that Alzheimer's disease indicator amyloid beta and tau proteins have been rising for a long time before cognitive disorders

at the beginning of 2000 started wondering if a certain person will get an elevated level of dementia? Do factors protect some people? When are you testing abnormal levels? Can doctors somehow intervene?

Scientists around the world have been looking for answers in cases where Alzheimer's patients have a dominant heritage and have started recognizing the need to work together. Washington, U., with the research already done, asked and won federal funding to organize and lead international research

  Washington University School Carries Alzheimer's Study

Dean DeMoe is built to May. 2018 30, How Lisa Cash Assists at Washington University Medical School. DeMoe comes to St. Louis from his home in North Dakota once a year to investigate with people living with the dominant Alzheimer's disease.

Photo by Christian Gooden, cgooden@post-dispatch.com

The network started in seven places of study. Surprisingly, they joined nearly 400 people, Morris said.

Family Testing Reveals How Signature Proteins Increase About 20 Years Before Symptoms. The subjects died on average 52 years.

The study, called DIAN-TU (Test Unit), started with two different drugs: antibodies that removed the amyloid beta plates or prevented the plates from forming. The third drug was later added to an inhibitor that blocked the production of amyloid beta.

"We wanted to take a different approach and try a few drugs," Bateman said

. drugs; 25 percent Get placebo. Participants need not know their genetic results. Those who do not have a mutation are presented in the placebo group

The unit is unique in the Alzheimer's study because it is adaptive. When the medicine is ineffective, another medicine can be started without the need to start. Participants may take a year or more to study, allowing design to discover faster.

An inhibitor has been shown to cause liver damage in patients, and researchers are trying to change it without re-starting the recruitment process.

Researchers are not yet able to comment on a study on two drugs that will be completed this year. Effective medicine would be a great achievement

Despite decades of research and billions of dollars, there is no treatment and little medicine to treat dementia. The last Alzheimer's medicine was approved more than 15 years ago and causes only temporary relief of symptoms. Some drug companies have abandoned their research.

It may be too late to start brain atrophy and symptoms. The only way to easily test this theory is by early intervention by those with a highly inherited Alzheimer's disease, which is almost certainly present in dementia but has no symptoms yet. Scientists failed to replicate the Alzheimer's disease model.

According to special survey participants, Bateman also encouraged drug companies to form a consortium to collaborate with trial parts to develop new drugs for research.

spoke at a family conference, his words heard a lot of applause: "I'd be surprised if we didn't have drugs in 10 years."

Especially his birthday

Of the six DeMoe brothers and sisters except one mutation. Dean DeMoe, 56, and his younger brother, 48, are the only ones whose mutation is still alive. Alzheimer's disease has taken on the lives of his father, cousins, parents and teachers – usually in their 50s.

"It shouldn't be alive on paper," said Dean DeMoe's wife Deb DeMoe

. drive over 400 miles through its headquarters in North Dakota, supplying oil platforms

Once a month he gets a shot from a child's nurse. He doesn't know if it's a medicine or a placebo. Every year he and his wife travel from their home in North Dakota to St. Petersburg. Louis for almost a week of testing, including spinal cord, brain scan, and psychological research.

"We're just kidding on our vacation for our Alzheimer's," Deb DeMoe said when the couple was in May. Tests and injections are also permanent invasive reminders of their fate.

  University of Washington School Performs Alzheimer's Study

Dean DeMoe is built to perform his brain PIB scan in 2018. May 30, As a Radiologist Linda Becker at the University of Washington Medical School. DeMoe, from Williams County, ND, arrives at St. Louis Medical School once a year to investigate the study of people with dominant Alzheimer's disease.

Photo by Christian Gooden, cgooden@post-dispatch.com [19659027ChristianGooden

Time is not the time of the family, but time is the time they want to give.

Many of them are motivated by their children. Learning to have a genetic mutation is devastating, they say, but not as disastrous as learning, as is the coin that your children are.

DeMoes has three children in their early 20s and 30s. Children studied genetic research to participate in research, but they decided not to learn.

Their mission is to find a cure.

"It may not be our life," said Deb DeMoe. "But we pray in the lives of our children, not just our children, but all our children and their families."

The annual family conference allows researchers to let families know how their commitment affects and empower families.

June Ward, 57, Asheville, NC, attended three family conferences. For the past four years, Ward has been running his home for 3½ hours to test Emory University in Atlanta.

"It's a bit invasive. It's a bunch of tests that cost about two weeks off from work, ”said Ward, who was married at the age of 50 and is grateful. "It is good to remind you every year how important it is (not just my family)."

Many watched their parents suffer without any support

Carrie Richardson, 37, Montgomery, Ala. her brother Bryan Salter, 38, has a mutation. They remember not being able to show their friends about their father. He died 23 years ago at age 43.

"We didn't know what that means," Richardson said. "For us it was a shame, it was a shame. We didn't talk about that. Most of them didn't know I had a dad. I don't want my kids to feel about me.

When their cousin began symptoms in their 30s, their mother was looking for answers

"Now she was next time," said Richardson. "We started to be scared." She learned about the mutation and the research team.

Salter decided to try it out in 2011 He turned to alcohol and twice a week had a ticket to drive under the influence of alcohol. In a few years, he began to take part in drug research and from the first in 2015. Participated in family conferences.

Participation saved him, he said.

"Thank you for giving me a goal in my life," Salteris said at a Chicago conference. He has already started showing symptoms.

Richardson said he felt hesitant after deciding to do the tests in 2012. At the end. She then thought about her three children. A year later she joined the drug survey and was a clear lawyer educating others about the disease.

"I wanted to let them know that I don't want to go down and let Alzheimer's take me," she said.

Her oldest daughter, Hannah Richardson, attended the Chicago conference. Hannah, 17, said she was planning to find out if she had a mutation when she turned 18.

She wants to visit Washington University where her mother comes to the tests and has become a geneticist. But it can change if it tests positive. "I don't want to go to school and get my doctorate and die four years later."

Richardson told his daughters that she should follow her dreams, whatever it was, if she didn't find her results yet. However, Hannah was insistent

These are heavy conversations that take place at the conference. The dilemmas associated with genetic research, long-term relationships, and primary families are discussed with others who understand. Here they learn to fight death and pain, which can even occur without a mutation.

This is where every birthday is nurtured

56 years of Dean DeMoe conference. His family saw a baseball game a day ago and went to Wrigley Field. In the evening, when participants blended with snacks, they surprised him with cakes and balloons.

"Many of his brothers and sisters did not do it or were already in a nursing home," said Tyler his son DeMoe. 28. It's fun to be here, especially on his birthday with all these people. This conference is like another family.

That means the world

University of Washington 2015 He hosted the first family conference because scientists saw that the participants in the study demanded each other, but privacy requirements made it more difficult for them to unite

Charles Knight died of Alzheimer's disease in 2017. 81 years old. Joanne Knight's mother also had Alzheimer's disease.

99 people attended the first conference. Next year it rose to 117, followed by 152, and then 180.

After the first year, the University won federal funding – about $ 75,000 a year – to continue the conference that will take place over the weekend before and after the week. the same city as the annual Alzheimer Association International Conference, the world's largest dementia researcher forum. The Alzheimer's Association also donates $ 100,000 annually to support the family conference

The family conference is attended by almost as many researchers as the family. They learn how to make their studies as effective and sensitive as possible. They can say "thank you" personally.

After the presentation of a gamma secretory modulator and how they stopped the formation of brain plaques, University of California scientist Steven Wagner dropped tears as he mentioned the families with whom he met that weekend.

"I bring this house to San Diego, my lab, and we're going to do everything we can to stop it," Wagner said.

As researchers become more aware of the dominant Alzheimer's disease, they will study how it resembles more common forms of the disease. Scientists have to find other signs that do not need spinal cord, or a costly PET scan to detect people at risk.

Blood test, eye examination and sleep analysis appear as potential diagnostic tools

Morris, now director of Alzheimer's Disease Research in Washington, U. and controlling their blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

research is trying to do, ”Morris said. "Why wait until there is so much brain cell loss that dementia occurs and try to treat it? We are now in a new age when we are trying to prevent Alzheimer's dementia.

Joanne Knight was one of the last speakers at the family conference, presented as the "angel donor" who did it. The audience gave her a standing ovation, and she returned to praise.

"Thank you all. That means the world for me and my husband, ”she said. “You are going to find this treatment and find this treatment. It will end. I know it is.

Join the Registry

Is there one of three known genes that cause Alzheimer's disease in at least one family member? Does your family have three generations of Alzheimer's symptoms up to 60 years old?

Join the Registry to learn about research opportunities and genetic counseling and testing programs.

Register dian.wustl.edu. For more information, contact dianexr@wustl.edu or call 1-844-342-6397.

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