Over the next decades, many space agencies are planning to send astronauts to the moon's surface. In addition, there are several plans between the European Space Agency (ESA), the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) and Roscomoso to build permanent buildings on the Moon. Perhaps the most well-known of them is ESA's plan to build an international Moon village,
As a spiritual successor to the International Space Station (ISS), this village would become the basis of astronaut teams to carry out vital research and experiments. In recent years, some very interesting suggestions have been made in this part of the plan, the latest being the ESA European Astronaut Center (EAC), where a student team has created a proposal for a sustainable lunar habitat
is headed by Angelus Chrysovalantis Alfatzis, an architectural engineering student graduating from Athens National Technical University in Greece. He and his colleagues are just a few of the many young scientists involved in the spacecraft EAC – the ESA initiative to promote networking and collaboration with universities and research institutions across Europe.
Alfatzis and his colleagues created the concept of the lunar base in 2018. NewSpace2060 International Lunar Contest, jointly with Moon Rural Association, held in 2018 Autumn. Architectural concept and problem category in which participants were encouraged to give ideas that would work with Moon's technology and knowledge
Alfatzis describes his architectural approach as a "hyperlocal" that uses the in situ resource utilization concept (ISRU) to create sustainable living solutions for extreme environments in remote environments places. How he explained his vision in a recent ESA press release:
"I always try to find material and structural solutions based on the resources on the ground. Currently, the focus is on the use of rough lunar soils in construction and its architectural needs.
This focus focuses on ESA's goals of creating an International Moon Village, which calls for the use of local resources not only to produce the base but also to see the needs of its crew. Working with others at the initiative of the spacecraft EAC, Alfatzis and his team members presented the concept of "CORE" (Crater Outpost for research and research).
The CORE concept requires a modular design that protects the Moon's geography and regolite from elements. The team has chosen the South Pole-Aitken basin as a base for its base, which provides the benefits of steady lighting, easy connectivity to the Earth, and proximity to water ice pools.
Each module consists of an inflatable, assembled structure with its life support system and a central tube. In this way, the modules can be arranged vertically, and one on top of another, allowing them to be transported between them. As explained by Alfatzis:
“Our idea is to transport inflatable modules to the base of a small crater in the south polar region of the Moon and then gradually fill the cavity with the moon soil until the modules are buried. Security counters protect those who are internal from radiation. Placing inside the crater will also help to insulate the temperature of a stable lunar underground environment and provide protection against the threat of micrometeoroids. “
The plan also calls for the airlock module to be up. a structure that is protected from greater regolence. Inside, this airlock would be protected by the exterior equipment (EVA), and the lunar dust would be softened by an electromagnetic cleaner that would use the magnetic properties of the regolite.
Vertically stacked modules would be connected to a central elevator. The first module, located near the surface, arranged wastewater treatment facilities, and astronauts prepared for EVA and service missions on the surface. The secondary module is for research and communication, while the lower module contains bedrooms, living and training equipment (also known as the 'moon gym').
As Alphabet pointed out in a video that was part of their team, another advantage of CORE design is the ability to extend it to adjacent craters. "The chosen deployment site allows you to deliver and install further unit installations, creating a real settlement settlement in nearby residential homes," he said. "The perception of the lunar village is an important step towards sustainable, crew exploration."
Finally, CORE's ultimate goal is to create a habitat that sustains human life, protecting its population from external conditions that could otherwise threaten. In this respect, it is completely inconsistent with the habitats living on earth, except that special aspects must be taken into account in the preparation of the Moon habitats.
This is a lack of breathing atmosphere, extreme temperature conditions, relief type and low lunar severity – about 16.5% of Earth. The lack of a protective magnetic field also means that any lunar base will also have to be able to protect its inhabitants from the sun and cosmic radiation, let alone small meteorites that regularly fall on the surface
. The spacecraft's EAC team was awarded second place. As Alfatzis pointed out, their success was related to the various talents that their team brought to the table:
"The multidisciplinary nature of our team – from aeronautical engineers to biologists – has helped us examine all the different construction and energy needs. All the experience has led us to think deeper about the various aspects of the Moon's construction and residence, showing us many opportunities for our future on the Moon.
At present, ESA, CNSA, Roscosmos and NASA all expect to see 2020 end of 2030 or 2030 It is very likely that this base will be the result of cooperation between these and other agencies, all of whom will be able to obtain a permanent research base that will facilitate future missions to Mars and other locations in the solar system
Further reading: ESA