In fact, it seemed that the whole attack was organized with regard to the age of social media. Previously, an anonymous message board 8chan – a particularly illegitimate forum that often contains racist and extremist posts – had a look at horror. It is linked to a 87-page manifest filled with immigrant and anti-Semitic ideas, and redirected users to a live Facebook page. The abuse also appeared on Twitter.
Attacks took place in an obviously unlikely location – Christchurch, New Zealand still struggles to recover from the devastating earthquake that has reduced thousands of buildings and 2011. After this event, the town's population has fallen sharply. The departure was largely complemented by migrants, many hired to help restore the city. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said that "many of those who will have a direct impact" were probably migrants or refugees.
However, this attack was much larger than that of Krychurch. It was about the rise of white supremacy on the internet and the power of social media to spread this message.
At first glance, the rifleman "manifesto" resembles those of the former white nationalists, like Anders Breivik, the far-right terrorist who assumed the role of mistress. attacks. In fact, the writer refers to Breivik
. However, this document is distinguished by its distinctive feature of being encircled by sarcastic language, deliberate red herring and inviting online culture, which shows the online development of nationalistic hatred.
"But this manifesto is a trap for journalists seeking meaning for this horrible crime," adds Evans. "There is true and valuable hints about the radicalization of the shooter, but he is buried under a lot because there is no better word," shitposting. "
In other words, this could be described
Another example. Before the attack, the gunman asked his online viewers to subscribe to the YouTube PewDiePie, which has 89 million. PewDiePie, the Swedish game YouTuber, whose real name is Felix Kjellberg, has in the past promoted alt-right themes and has been critical of worshiping the anti-Semitic YouTube channel.
to induce cruelty, he is forced to pay attention to him, says Lopatto. If any of his 17 million followers missed his shot, they were well aware,
Lee Jarvis, editor of the Critical Studies on Terrorism magazine, says the internet has the convictions of people with minorities, has made it possible to contact with other like-minded people so that they can normalize their global view.
"There are fears that if you have few people with the same ideas, ideas will feel more legitimate and more widespread than they really are," says Jarvis.
The fact that the document is linked to online anecdotes, links and moms emphasizes that many white bosses are radicalized by interacting with each other on the Internet
. Spyro the Dragon and Fortnite, invading extremism, are supposed to reduce the popular belief that only a violent gaming culture has a radical effect.
"I am skeptical that video games play a direct role in terrorist attacks," says Jarvis. "But the populist culture that everyone consumes as they happen in everyday life."
Gaming culture was truly a part of Friday's murder commitment and stylization – the gun seen in the shot visually reminded the first person to shoot em up games.
In recent years, terrorists are increasingly choosing social media. 2013 Al-Shabaab fighters have been attacking the Westgate shopping center in Nairobi, Kenya. By publishing updates, when the fighters ignited the buyers, they took control of the narrative from the media and others.
"Terrorism is political violence and terrorists have always had to find publicity to influence political change," says Adam Hadley, director of Tech Against Terrorism, a group working on behalf of the UN to support the global technology industry.
"They want an audience – they will always go where the largest audience is. This could be traditional media. Or it could be a large-scale social media platform. ”
After Friday's Facebook attack, New Zealand spokesman Mia Garlick said the videos showing that Christchurch shots were being shot were dropped from the platform. The New Zealand police informed us about the Facebook video shortly after the animal began, and we quickly removed both the shooter Facebook and Instagram accounts and video, ”said the spokesman
. videos on social media platforms, including Twitter.
Tom Chen, Professor of Cyber Security at the University of London, notes that the European Commission has called on social media companies to "prevent terrorist propaganda within an hour". There are threats to potential future penalties for non-compliance, "because most of the distribution occurs within the first two hours of the new video upload," he adds.
Chen says platforms, such as software to remove such materials. "If a terrorist video looks like a video game, an automated classifier would find it very difficult to tell the difference between this video and the video game," he says
. or their verification would be a violation of our freedoms.
"This has been raised in the debate on direct suicide broadcasting," says Jarvis. “On the one hand, companies are responsible for how people use their technology. The reverse side is censorship concerns and what is being checked and checked. ”
People can also use technologies such as cars. Against others, Jarvis adds, but the laws were implemented to promote their safe use. "It depends on how much we risk living."