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Iranian protesters are committing a more serious crime



Ghanbari was arrested during the protests. He was held for five days in the so-called quarantine unit at Evin Prison in Tehran.

Prison authorities told their mother Fatemeha Malay Nejad that her son had taken her life. "My son called me from prison. He told me he broke him, "says Neyad. "It's a big lie that he has committed suicide and I can't rest until it is true." Ghanbari's mother says she thinks she was killed.

Ghanbari is one of nine protesters who died in "suspicious circumstances" after being arrested by the Iranian authorities in 2018, according to a report by Amnesty International, published on 24 January. The group also claims that at least 26 protesters have been killed on the streets and over 7,000 dissidents have been arrested during the year. 1

1 of them were arbitrarily detained by 11 lawyers, 50 media professionals and 91 students.

The Iranian Government did not respond to CNN's request for comment.

But Iran's protest movements show little signs. As the security forces reinforce their repression, dissidents continued to demonstrate demonstrations. Experts say Iran's repression could have triggered activists.

"Protesters believe they have nothing to lose," says Amnesty International's Iranian researcher Mansoure Mills. "Over the past year, we've seen thousands of workers across the country because they haven't been paid for months and are trying to feed their families."

"You only have to watch videos of these protests Social media and listen to the workers shouting:" We're not afraid of prison, "Because we don't have to lose anything" to understand how they became brave, "added Mills.

The wave of protests in 2018

2017 December. And 2018 Month of January. Economic protests were the biggest public dissatisfaction in Iran since 2009. fraud.

However, although the Green Movements attracted a much larger number, in 2017 and 2018, the number of people in the world was growing. The geographical coverage of the protests was surprisingly unexpected. The demonstrators were mostly outside the capital. They gathered in the great northeastern cities, such as the conservative Mashad Fortress, and in the provinces. They also warmly welcomed the country's working class. Both demographic indicators have long been considered a popular regime.

"Their geographic distribution was important," says Mohammad Ali Shabani, Al-Monitor's Iranian pulse editor. "It is also worth noting that there is a lack of elite support: no major political camp has opposed the protesters after general condolences on such claims as more jobs and lower consumer prices."

Despite the fact that the regime has responded heavily to the first years of 2017 and 2018. Demonstrations, individuals and co-ordinated groups of dissidents continued to demand public political and social reforms in 2018.

Because of the deepening of the Iranian economic crisis, July and August. According to Amnesty, the authorities dispelled using live ammunition, tear gas and water cannons.

Teheran Teachers October and November He held protests that led to 23 arrests and eight prison sentences. At the end of the year, 467 employees, including truck drivers, factory workers and teachers, were questioned by the authorities, or were harmed and treated differently.

"(Crime) is the worst we've seen in the last decade," says Rahman Bahrain, Amnesty International Iranian scientist.

Several bold women

Perhaps the highest level of social movement that is driving the momentum in 2018 There have been protests against Iran's mandatory hijab law

2017 December 27 A 31-year-old Iranian mother on a Teheran street climbed into a utility box and silently surprised her white headgear on a stick. She stood up, her long hair flowing.

After a few hours, Movahedis was arrested, but the photo of her lone act was viral. The image helped to promote the exiled Iranian Masih Alinejad's "White Wednesday" social media campaign. The movement encourages people to protest against the mandatory law of the head helmet, wearing white or exiting on Wednesdays.

  Vida Movahedi is on a telecom box located on Tehran Street, holding his head and holding a stick to protest against the country's mandatory hijab rules.

records. She then shares them on her social media accounts, with a total of over 2.3 million. Within a few weeks of the Movahedi campaign, women filmed themselves all over the country, exposing busy streets to a show of solidarity.

According to Amnesty until 2018 At least 112 women were arrested or detained at the end. Despite arrests, White's Wednesday movement continues today and shows no signs of subsidization.

  Hazard with acid, rape, abuse & # 39; protesting Iran's binding hijab law

Shaparak Shajarizadeh, 43, active member of the movement, was arrested three times in 2018 and eventually escaped to Turkey and then sought asylum in Canada. It was first detained on February 21 to share a video online, reflecting the Movahedi demo.

"I broke the moral and security service, then they sent me to a separate prison in prison. One week I was in a hunger strike, then I released, – Shajarizadeh says to CNN. "After that, I got threatening calls – they told me that I stopped sending my photos online and talking about mandatory hijab laws."

Nasrin Sotoudeh, a well-known human rights defender and women's rights defender in Iran, adopted the Shajarizadeh case. While waiting for the conviction, Shajarizadeh was in March. And in May. She says she was tortured, threatened and thrown into Evin prison.

"I was accused of corruption and prostitution for sending photos without my hijab," says Shajarizadeh. "They told me to skip Nasrin Sotoudeh as my lawyer, threatening me to charge national security taxes if I keep it."

Shajarizadeh was sentenced to 20 years in prison, 18 of which were suspended. Sotoudeh was arrested in 2018 June 13, defending several opposing hijab protesters. It faces national security-related charges that could have been sentenced to more than a decade in prison.

According to the Human Rights Center in Iran, she is not allowed to visit her family. January 23 Sotoudeh, a well-known human rights defender, Reza Khandan, was arrested and sentenced to six years in security charges. Both now turn to their accusations.

  Shaparak Shajarizadeh stands by revealing the city of Iran, flipping a white scarf on a stick, as part of the 2018. a white scarf on a stick, such as the 2018 part of anti-Semitic hijab protests. </div>
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In 2018 US senior administration officials, including President Donald Trump and State Secretary Mike Pompeo, reconciled themselves with Iranian protesters and continued to isolate the regime.

Trump tweeted in January: "Iranian people are finally acting against a brutal and corrupt Iranian regime." Then, the President warned that the US was watching closely before announcing "It's time to change."

Pompeo seemed personally interested in anti-hijab demonstrations and at least twice in 2018. Tweeted Vida Movahedi protest images. June He even published the Movahedi schedule next to the photo of Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, and the slogan 'Iranian people deserve respect for their human rights'. The State Department also made a number of reports on women's rights in Iran – all written in Farsi.

In 2018 May. Pompeo spoke about how the US plans to continue with Iran after leaving 2015. Referring to the Washington crowd, he said: "The Iranian people will be able to choose their own leadership. If they make a decision quickly, it will be amazing. until we achieve the results, Pompeo continued.

The combined effect of these actions has prompted Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to blame the administration for openly worrying about the regime change. "Reducing the legitimacy of the system is their ultimate goal," Rouhani said in October. talking about Iranian state television.

What to Expect in 2019

Although more Iranians publicly disclose their socio-economic difficulties, the lack of organized political Iranian opposition has left analysts' belief that protest movements are not a serious threat to the regime.

"In the coming months, we can expect more protests because the economic situation will worsen, but it is difficult to predict they can lead by lack of organization, clear and uniform needs formulation and elite buying," says Al-Monitor Shabani.

US Ambassador John Limber, who was held captive in 1979. During the hostage crisis and 2009 Was the Deputy Secretary of State for Iran, is convinced that the regime will take precedence. "In the Islamic Republic, the authorities always feel threatening," says Limber. “They will do what they need to do to stay in power. If it requires brutality, yes or no. If that means flexibility, they will try to do it. ”

“ The same men's club has been running since 1979. they have caught up with them for as long as they can. Obviously, they are usually unwise about the reality of their society, where people are creative, engaged and well educated, ”says Limbert.

  Short commentary on Iraq encourages confusion and condemnation

January 29 2019 The evaluation was announced by Dan Coats, US National Intelligence Director. "We appreciate Tehran's willingness to take more aggressive security measures in response to renewed turmoil," the document said.

Although the regime seems to be cut off in his heels in 2019, Also some protesters

One 38-year-old Mashad, who also participated in 2017, And in 2018. During the White Wednesday movement, CNN says that, despite being beaten, threatened and released into prison, in March 2019, CNN said: he does not intend to remain silent. "I will continue to protest against the mandatory abolition of the hijab law and as long as there is freedom for the Iranian people from this despotic religious regime," the protester said, refusing to disclose his name for security reasons.

Amnesty International's forecasts for the coming year reflect its comments. "Iran faces an unprecedented crisis due to the difficult political, economic, environmental and human rights blurring," says Bahrain scientist.

"We can therefore expect the country to see more protests against poverty, inflation, corruption and political authoritarianism."


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