Ghanbari was arrested during the protests. He was held for five days in the so-called quarantine unit at Evin Prison in Tehran.
Prison authorities told their mother Fatemeha Malay Nejad that her son had taken her life. "My son called me from prison. He told me he broke him, "says Neyad. "It's a big lie that he has committed suicide and I can't rest until it is true." Ghanbari's mother says she thinks she was killed.
Ghanbari is one of nine protesters who died in "suspicious circumstances" after being arrested by the Iranian authorities in 2018, according to a report by Amnesty International, published on 24 January. The group also claims that at least 26 protesters have been killed on the streets and over 7,000 dissidents have been arrested during the year. 1
The Iranian Government did not respond to CNN's request for comment.
But Iran's protest movements show little signs. As the security forces reinforce their repression, dissidents continued to demonstrate demonstrations. Experts say Iran's repression could have triggered activists.
"Protesters believe they have nothing to lose," says Amnesty International's Iranian researcher Mansoure Mills. "Over the past year, we've seen thousands of workers across the country because they haven't been paid for months and are trying to feed their families."
"You only have to watch videos of these protests Social media and listen to the workers shouting:" We're not afraid of prison, "Because we don't have to lose anything" to understand how they became brave, "added Mills.
The wave of protests in 2018
However, although the Green Movements attracted a much larger number, in 2017 and 2018, the number of people in the world was growing. The geographical coverage of the protests was surprisingly unexpected. The demonstrators were mostly outside the capital. They gathered in the great northeastern cities, such as the conservative Mashad Fortress, and in the provinces. They also warmly welcomed the country's working class. Both demographic indicators have long been considered a popular regime.
"Their geographic distribution was important," says Mohammad Ali Shabani, Al-Monitor's Iranian pulse editor. "It is also worth noting that there is a lack of elite support: no major political camp has opposed the protesters after general condolences on such claims as more jobs and lower consumer prices."
Despite the fact that the regime has responded heavily to the first years of 2017 and 2018. Demonstrations, individuals and co-ordinated groups of dissidents continued to demand public political and social reforms in 2018.
Because of the deepening of the Iranian economic crisis, July and August. According to Amnesty, the authorities dispelled using live ammunition, tear gas and water cannons.
"(Crime) is the worst we've seen in the last decade," says Rahman Bahrain, Amnesty International Iranian scientist.
Several bold women
Perhaps the highest level of social movement that is driving the momentum in 2018 There have been protests against Iran's mandatory hijab law
2017 December 27 A 31-year-old Iranian mother on a Teheran street climbed into a utility box and silently surprised her white headgear on a stick. She stood up, her long hair flowing.
After a few hours, Movahedis was arrested, but the photo of her lone act was viral. The image helped to promote the exiled Iranian Masih Alinejad's "White Wednesday" social media campaign. The movement encourages people to protest against the mandatory law of the head helmet, wearing white or exiting on Wednesdays.
records. She then shares them on her social media accounts, with a total of over 2.3 million. Within a few weeks of the Movahedi campaign, women filmed themselves all over the country, exposing busy streets to a show of solidarity.
According to Amnesty until 2018 At least 112 women were arrested or detained at the end. Despite arrests, White's Wednesday movement continues today and shows no signs of subsidization.
Shaparak Shajarizadeh, 43, active member of the movement, was arrested three times in 2018 and eventually escaped to Turkey and then sought asylum in Canada. It was first detained on February 21 to share a video online, reflecting the Movahedi demo.
"I broke the moral and security service, then they sent me to a separate prison in prison. One week I was in a hunger strike, then I released, – Shajarizadeh says to CNN. "After that, I got threatening calls – they told me that I stopped sending my photos online and talking about mandatory hijab laws."
Nasrin Sotoudeh, a well-known human rights defender and women's rights defender in Iran, adopted the Shajarizadeh case. While waiting for the conviction, Shajarizadeh was in March. And in May. She says she was tortured, threatened and thrown into Evin prison.
"I was accused of corruption and prostitution for sending photos without my hijab," says Shajarizadeh. "They told me to skip Nasrin Sotoudeh as my lawyer, threatening me to charge national security taxes if I keep it."
Shajarizadeh was sentenced to 20 years in prison, 18 of which were suspended. Sotoudeh was arrested in 2018 June 13, defending several opposing hijab protesters. It faces national security-related charges that could have been sentenced to more than a decade in prison.
According to the Human Rights Center in Iran, she is not allowed to visit her family. January 23 Sotoudeh, a well-known human rights defender, Reza Khandan, was arrested and sentenced to six years in security charges. Both now turn to their accusations.