What is Maria Ressa and what is Rappler?
Maria Ressa is one of the most respected journalists in the Philippines. For two decades she has worked as a research journalist, foreign correspondent and head of the Manila and Jakarta office CNN. She then headed the largest news channel of the ABS-CBN TV channel in the Philippines.
2012 She and her three fellow journalists gathered to form a Rappler, an online news platform that has a similar ethos to the start of a small team of 1
What did she do to attract President Duterte's attention?
Thirty years have passed through Ressa and Duterte. She invited her for the first time in the 1980s when she was the mayor of Davao. 2015 During the election campaign she held a sound interview with Duterte, where she admitted that he was killing three people.
But only after the Duterte elections in 2016, When Rappler began to shine through Duterte's online "Troll Army", which pushed counterfeit news and manipulated the story around his presidency that the organization began to feel pressured. Rappler also critical of illegal killings, human rights abuses and the rapidly increasing death toll for Duterte's brutal drug warfare, with stories showing police abuse was done with Duterte's approval
Answer by Duterte
that the Rappler was planned was in 2017 July. Duterte's position in the language of the Union, when, according to Mr Resos, he stated that Rappler was "totally dependent" on the Americans and therefore violated the Constitution
Duterte later publicly announced: "Not only is Rappler's news a fake, but and the Filipino language is fake. ”
Ressa completely rejects the claim, but 2017 August. The Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines (SEC) started what Ressa described as a "six-month fishing expedition" that requires hundreds of documents. Until 2017 Month of January. The SEC decided to revoke the Rappler license, but the case was referred to the Court of Appeal, where it was returned to the SEC without any justification.
The SEC then began investigating Rappler for tax avoidance, claiming that the company failed to pay $ 3 million. Typically, such studies last at least a year, and the SEC has decided to pay taxes in just five months. Ressa's arrest warrant was issued in 2018. In November, she later joined the authorities, where she released a deposit and was released. The case is still ongoing. Ressa said Guardian's accusations were "without reason and clearly politically motivated". Last year, the Rappler political reporter was also banned in the presidential palace where press releases were held.
What are the new charges she faces?
Last week, Ressa and Rappler made another claim. alleged cyber behavior in 2012 published a story about Philippine businessman Wildred Keng and his relationship with the highest court judge. Kango initially filed a lawsuit in 2017, arguing that defamation was rejected, but last year it was renewed.
However, as the Rappler lawyers pointed out, the Cyber-libel Act was used against Rappler and Ressa.
However, on Wednesday, four feathered officers arrived at the Rappler headquarters in Manila and arrested Ressa at the National Research Office. It was held at night and was released on Thursday morning after 100,000 Philipine pesos (£ 1400).
What will happen next?
Ressa promised to continue to fight and continue Rappler journalism. Neither court dates nor deadlines were set for tax evasion or cybercrime.
As last year, Ressa told Guardian: "I really don't see Duter as my enemy, but I think he was the one who brought the battle with us. "