NASA on Tuesday announced the astronauts will fly to the SpaceX Crew-2 mission to the International Space Station next spring.
Two of the astronauts are Americans: Shane Kimbrough and Megan McArthur. Akihiko Hoshide is from the Japanese Space Research Agency and Thomas Pesquet from France is from the European Space Agency (ESA).
SpaceX made history in late May when NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken launched the ISS toward the SpaceX Demo-2 test flight mission, the first time astronauts had blown up from American soil after the end of a space shooting program. a decade ago.
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That SpaceX Crew Dragon flight was the first time a private company, not the government, had sent astronauts into orbit. They are scheduled to return to Earth on Sunday.
Behnken, who led the Demo-2 mission, has married McArthur, who will run the Crew-2 mission. Among them is the Crew-1 mission, which is scheduled to begin in late September.
NASA says McArthur, who was born in Hawaii but is native to California, has one previous trip to space under her belt. 2009 She launched the Atlantis space shooter on a mission to the Hubble Space Telescope.
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The commander of the mission spacecraft will be Kimbrough, a retired Army colonel born in Texas and raised in Atlanta. This will be his third trip to space and his second long stay at the space station. He had already joined space for 189 days and detonated both the retired space shooter Endeavor in 2008 and the Russian Soyuz rocket in 2016.
The Crew-2 mission will be the third space flight for Hoshide, who participated in the STS-124 mission at Discovery in 2008. And whose last launch included a 124-day stay at the ISS in 2012.
Pesquet, the youngest crew member at the age of 42, is also the only one to have ever participated in a mission under the now-departed U.S. space transportation program. But he has already spent 196 days in space.
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Crew-2 astronauts are expected to remain at the space station for about six months, along with three other crew members who will arrive separately at the Russian soybean. That makes more than seven people, rather than the usual six, which, according to NASA, will allow for twice as much research during the stay.
James Rogers of Fox News contributed to this report.