The new Chinese mission includes an orbit, an aircraft and a rover. While other countries have taken a biased approach to visiting Mars, first in orbit, then in aircraft, then finally in rover, China stresses that it will try to use all of these components for the first time at once.
The orbit, according to the four scientists involved in the mission, will study Mars and its atmosphere for about one year on Mars, or 687 days on Earth. In addition to the two cameras, the spacecraft has an underground radar, a detector to study the magnetic field of Mars, and three other scientific instruments.
Rover will try to land in the Utopia Planitia region, in the mid-north latitude of Mars. NASA̵7;s Viking 2 mission flew there in 1976. Previous studies using NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter data have shown that the water ice layer of Utopia Planitia is equal to what is in Higher Lake Earth.
If he is able to control the dangerous descent of Mars, the rover will use a combination of cameras, ground-penetrating radars, and other instruments to better understand the distribution of underground ice that future Mars human settlers could use to survive. The Chinese mission is to last about 90 days on Mars.
The fourth mission, a joint Russian-European Rosalind Franklin racer, was also due to begin this summer. However, the technical obstacles aggravated by the coronavirus pandemic could not be overcome in time. It is now scheduled for release in 2022.
What other spacecraft are currently exploring Mars?
The red planet is getting a little busy.
Six orbits are currently exploring the planet from space. NASA sent three there: the Mars Odyssey, launched in 2001; Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, 2005; and MAVEN, who left Earth in 2013.
In Europe, there are two spacecraft in orbit. Its Mars Express orbiter was launched in 2003, and the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, which is a joint venture with Russia’s space program, was discontinued in 2016.