Reporters Without Borders report that "although journalists are underpaid" and there is more "job insecurity" in Portugal, "the research environment is relatively calm." From Cape Verde, they exacerbate the "absence of attacks" on these professionals.
P ortho-augmented two places up to 12th in the print freedom rating and remains in "good position"; Cape Verde is 25th in the "satisfactory" position; East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Brazil and Angola are in a "difficult situation".
The report published by the rapporteurs, without borders, provides a small individual analysis of the situation in each country. Portugal, at the beginning of the text, states that "although journalists are poorly paid and job insecurity increases, the research environment is relatively calm," condemning even systematic defamation proceedings against journalists
. Football, both coaches and supporters, continue to be very aggressive in the media, and journalists often have prosecutions when they involve questionable practices in the main clubs of the country, "he can read at the end of the document.
Cape Verde RSF expands "the absence of constitutional attacks on journalists and the exclusive freedom of the press" in a country where the latter was defeated in 2002. and there were four places this year in the queue. However, "self-censorship is widely practiced."
"The main media group, the RTC, is trying to establish a code of ethics and behavior for its journalists in order to limit the expression of freedom on social networks. The development of private media was hampered by limited advertising revenue and the lack of state subsidies for broadcast media. Archipelago geography makes it difficult to distribute written press and transfer to 1
Below are a few positions, Timor-Leste 84 looks like an 11-point increase, and the document highlights that no journalist was arrested for contact with his work, as in 2002 he was arrested. the country has gained independence and the Constitution itself guarantees freedom of expression and the press. However, there are still "many forms of pressure to prevent journalists from working freely."
"2015 The establishment of the press council was a step in the right direction, despite the doubts expressed by some media about how its members are elected. However, in 2014, The adopted media law, which violated the warnings of the international community, poses a constant threat to journalists and encourages self-censorship. "
Guinea-Bissau was a worse Lusophone country compared to last year, declined in six positions. The text says that this year's parliamentary elections were seen as the end of a year of instability caused by the political deadlock, "polarizing the media and journalists, leaving them vulnerable to political influence and pressure", which has increased media interference.
"The public broadcaster TGB team signed a petition condemning the lack of editorial independence in 2017. And 2019 Month of January. Started a strike for the same reason. Access to information is not guaranteed and journalists continue to censor when they cover government deficiencies, organized crime and constant military influence. Some journalists fled abroad because of threats and intimidation, ”he added.
Mozambique appears in 103th place, in four places, and journalist Amade Abubacar since January. The arrest has already prompted the RSF to take joint action with 37 others to request that a radio broadcaster arrested for interviews with families fleeing violence from Islamist rebels who have been active in the region since 2017, is available. "
" During several parliamentary and presidential elections, when the ruling party in Mozambique is no longer a real victory, the authorities have done their utmost to prevent the fighters working in the north of the country. Media coverage may fall dramatically if a decision is taken to increase the level of accreditation of the press, including foreign journalists and the media. It provides a collection of several thousand dollars for filming, and Mozambique will become more expensive in Africa than cover itself.
Election of Jair Bolsonar "proclaims a dark era of democracy and freedom of the press in Brazil" In a country that occupied three places and now occupies 105th place, maintaining the country's reputation as "one of the most violent journalists in Latin America". Small and medium-sized townspeople are victims of threats, physical attacks and murder due to corruption, public order or organized crime.
"Media ownership remains highly concentrated, especially in the hands of large families. companies that are often closely related to the political class. The confidentiality of journalists' sources has been constantly attacked and many investigators were abused in court.
The worst of the Portuguese-speaking countries has also grown the most. 2017 September. At the arrival of the new President João Lourenço, Angola has grown to 12 seats, with 109 seats, but four TV channels, 17 radio stations and 20 newspapers and magazines, are still under control or government and party influence. "
Radio Ecclesia and a handful of sites" can provide an independent and critical message "in a country where" excessive "broadcasting license costs hamper pluralism and emergence
" 2016 The laws that have been adopted force television and radio stations to broadcast presidential reports to the nation and facilitate the process of defamation. Nevertheless, in 2018 There were encouraging signs expressing two investigative journalists claiming that they "have a duty to report complete objectivity" and to publish the opposition's written publications in state newspapers.
Norway, Finland and Sweden are in top positions that still have Venezuela in 148th position "(19659022) (function (d, s, id)) and United States of America and United States (Eritrea, North Korea and Turkmenistan) )
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