If we still learn about how coronavirus spreads among people, and why some people become so fluffy than others, then we barely scratch the surface of what it does to pets.
Although the number of infected animals worldwide remains relatively low, the first U.S. dog to test for SARS-CoV-2, the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19, died infamously.
In an exclusive interview with his family this week, National Geographic identified the puppy as Buddy, a 7-year-old German Shepherd from Staten Island (NY). The buddy passed on July 11, just two and a half months after he began to wheeze and develop thick mucus in his nose. But the Mahoney family’s struggle to get it tested and fully understand why their pet̵7;s health deteriorated so quickly – and whether it involved lymphoma that hadn’t been diagnosed until the day of death, shows how many questions remain about the virus’s effects on the animals.
You tell people your dog has been positive and they are looking at you [as if you have] 10 heads, “said Allison Mahoney, one of Buddy’s owners, at National Geographic. “[Buddy] was the love of our lives …. He gave joy to everyone. I can’t wrap my head.
The family explained that Buddy began to breathe in mid-April when Allison’s husband, Robert Mahoney, had been infected with the virus for three weeks. “It simply came to my notice then [Buddy] was positive, ”said Robert.
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However, the first few veterinarians visited were skeptical that Buddy had coronavirus. In some cases, clinics simply did not have a COVID-19 test. At the third clinic visited by Mahoneys, Buddy was finally screened and confirmed positive for COVID-19 on May 15, a month after the onset of his symptoms. Until May 20. His viral virus was negative, indicating that it was no longer in his body – although he had viruses, which was further evidence that he was infected. U.S. Department of Agriculture June 2. A press release verified that Buddy is the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in dogs in the country.
But the friend’s diagnosis raised more questions: could he have spread it to the family’s 10-month-old German Shepherd puppy, prince, or someone else at home? (He didn’t.) Would he have made a deal with Robert? (That seems likely.) And why did this healthy dog health suddenly break down despite the use of prescription antibiotics and steroids? (He had not yet been diagnosed with possible lymphoma.) He lost weight and began to walk hard. And on the morning of July 11, the poor dog began vomiting blood clotted. There was nothing more the family or vets could do about Buddy, so they made the difficult decision to eradicate him.
But new blood work done on the day eudan was replaced showed that he was most likely to have lymphoma, a cancer that may explain some of his symptoms. However, it is still unclear whether this underlying condition made him more vulnerable to coronavirus, or whether it was coronavirus that made him the first disease – or was it just a bad, random time.
The Mahone do not accept any fault or bad will towards the clinic. “I think they are learning too. All of this is trial and error. And they tried to help us as best we could, ”said Allison.
They want health officials to perform an autopsy (essentially an autopsy on the animal or a post-mortem medical examination) to learn more about the virus in Buddy’s body. The family doesn’t remember anyone asking about the autopsy the day the executioner was emptied, even though they admit the sad day was foggy. Robert Cohen, a Bay Street Animal Clinic veterinarian who treated Buddy – and who lost his father to COVID-19 a couple of weeks ago – told National Geographic that he had asked the New York Department of Health if Buddy’s body needed further investigation. . But by the time NYCDOH reacted by deciding to perform an autopsy, Buddy was already cremated. So we don’t know exactly if the Corona virus killed Buddy.
“Buddy tests showed SARs-CoV-2 infection [the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19], he also had lymphoma, which can cause clinical signs similar to those described, and this is very likely to have been the leading cause of his illness and ultimately death, ”said Dr. Dr. MarketWatch, president of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Doug Kratt by email.
“We need to know a lot more about this virus and this disease,” he continued. “Studies are being carried out to determine whether SARS-CoV-2 is fully available, how infection with the virus can affect animals, which animals are susceptible and why (or why not).”
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While this case raises many questions about animal coronavirus, that’s what we know. In addition, there are very few cases of COVID-19 in animals, especially in humans. Although the virus has infected more than 17 million people worldwide, there are less than 25 confirmed cases of pets worldwide – although it should be noted that pet testing has not been widespread.
The CDC still does not recommend routine pet testing, mainly because there is no evidence that pets spread the virus to humans, but also because there are a number of health issues that can cause pet symptoms similar to COVID-19. “Because these other conditions are much more common than SARS-CoV-2 infection in animals, routine pet testing for SARS-CoV-2 is not currently recommended by veterinarian infectious disease experts, animal health officials, or public health veterinarians,” said Dr. .Ticked by Kratt. “In certain situations, it may be appropriate to perform tests when the veterinarian fully evaluates the pet to eliminate other causes of their disease.”
Thus, it is not yet clear how many pets in the U.S. have been tested to see if several may have carried coronavirus.
“We don’t want people to panic. We don’t want people to be afraid of pets ”or rush to test them en masse, a CDC official, dr. Casey Barton Behravesh. “There is no evidence that pets play a role in spreading the disease to humans.” In addition, pets that get sick usually have mild symptoms and usually recover.
The fatal Buddy case raises questions about whether more pets should be tested as they move forward, or whether animals with major diseases could be more vulnerable to the virus in the same way that many people with pre-existing health conditions were more affected by COVID. 19. “Of course, a basic condition can weaken a dog’s natural defenses against many things,” a South Carolina vet told National Geographic.
The FDA and CDC recommend that people practice social alienation from their pets, such as keeping dogs on a leash and within six feet of dogs and people who are not out of their homes. Anyone with coronavirus should distance themselves from their pets if possible, as there is evidence that pets can be infected with the virus from humans. And the UK Chief Veterinary Officer has warned pet owners to stop kissing their pets, sharing food with them or sharing beds.
Click here for more information on what we know so far about pets and coronavirus, as well as answers to many questions about caring for pets during a pandemic.
For more information, see the following resources:
American Veterinary Medical Association: avma.org
Centers for Disease Control: cdc.gov/coronavirus
Read more about MarketWatch coronavirus here.