Since 1972 After Richard Nixon's history visit to Beijing, later administrations – both democracies and republicans – worked to improve relations with Beijing.
Democrat Jimmy Carter officially recognized the People's Republic of China over Taiwan, Republican George H.W. Bush maintained a dialogue with Chinese leaders following Tiananmen's massacre, and Bill Clinton, a Democrat, supported China's membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
However, while there are many topics in which Short is an iconoclast, unrelated to some of his republican counterparts, not to mention democrats, it is not so. In recent years, bilateral consensus has been strongly opposed by Beijing, and some opposition lawmakers in Washington even called on Trump to take a stricter approach.
"China is the left, the right and the center is widespread," said Patrick Lozada, chief executive of the Albright Stonebridge Group (ASG), a Washington-based strategic advisory firm. "The problem with such a consensus is that, in the absence of a credible contradiction, factual facts can sometimes be lost on the spot because people compete to see what may be more innocent."
high tariffs, complaints by the highest democrats – that it is not far enough.
"The United States must take decisive, intelligent and strategic action against China's unfair trade policy," Nancy Pelosi said at the time. "But today's announcement is just the beginning, and the Short Administration has to fight much more for American workers and products."
When proposing a Democratic Assault Line, party leaders' criticism is short execution rather than its goal.
"We should not have a multi-functional war on tariffs," this week's Democrat Senator Chuck Schumer said. “I would like to focus everything on China. Both Europeans, Canadians and Mexicans should be on our side and focus on China. Because they are big dangers. ”
On the short side of the passage, the voices critical to his deal were offset by Republicans wishing to get closer to China – even many of them tried to strengthen tariffs against European allies.
"The President is right in keeping the footsteps of China's feet," Sen. John Barrasso told CNN on Wednesday. "They wouldn't agree if not what the president did … President has his own schedule. I support what he is doing. ”
"I find it hard to think of another consensus in US foreign policy that was shifted as quickly and quickly as the US consensus on China," February. said Richard Hass, Chairman of the New York Foreign Affairs Council.
"People have experienced Chinese trade practices, technology theft. However, this also reflects what is happening in China … in the treatment of Uighurs, the President's deadlines. as well as strategic issues such as the South China Sea and what China has done there. "
AST analyst Lozada said that" Beijing has not been able to grasp the changing nature of US policies and the growing concern about the slow pace of reforms in China. When President Trump took office, he regarded him as a business entrepreneur without serious remarks on the trade sequence of the campaign and the growing role of China in the global economy at all levels.
Dual China is worried not only about Beijing's trade.
Human rights, often overlooked in the relationship with Beijing, have come back, and also calls for criminal sanctions that will further weaken the Chinese economy in the midst of a trade war.
Capitol Hill, the leading Democratic Party in Hong Kong this week, showed a bilateral group against the Chinese Executive Committee (CECC), which reports annually on the human rights situation in China and has been influenced by the Trump administration.
In his opening remarks, CECC Chairman James McGovern, Democratic Congress, said he thought "the time has come for the United States to consider a new and innovative policy to support the people of Hong Kong".
McGovern et al. Suggested Washington to Revise 1992 US and Hong Kong policy act, according to which the city is considered a separate customs territory to the rest of China until Hong Kong remains "sufficiently independent". The suspension of Hong Kong's special status could damage the urban economy and also hit Beijing greatly, given its confidence in the Hong Kong financial sector.
CECC members, including Republican Senator Marco Rubio, urged China to sanction Magnitsky laws to suppress the Uighur minority in Xinjiang, where hundreds of thousands, if not millions of Muslims were detained in training camps.
The Magnitsky Acts imposing sanctions for the freezing of sanctions and property on suspected human rights abusers were originally introduced after Russia and have since been extended to cover officials from Myanmar, Saudi Arabia and other countries
. A group of legislators headed by Rubio urged China to be included in the list. This would be a huge blow to finances and freedom to travel to the best Chinese officials, but would also encourage any hope of improving relations with Beijing.
The threat of further division
Despite widespread skepticism and hostility to China today in Washington, better bilateral relations have paid off in the past to both parties. The Chinese economy exploded after 2000 Joined the WTO and the US has long benefited from cheap Chinese production.
The probability that the relationship reaches a turning point and becomes an open conflict is small but very real. US military leaders have expressed concern about China's movement in the South China Sea and Taiwan, as Washington has strengthened its military commitment in the region, which is Beijing's provocation.
Taiwan bought weapons from the US and lobbied for even more Washington support. De facto island independence from China has to a certain extent been ensured by the belief that the US can seek help in a military conflict with Beijing.
Although relationships are unlikely to hit the point of a real conflict, there is a danger of a new Cold War process and other nations being forced to choose.
This could create a block related to Washington, which he did not encounter from the original height of the Cold War. As commentator Henry Luce wrote in December, a better relationship between Washington and Beijing under Nixon has helped to strengthen the division between China and the Soviet Union, leading to a possible collapse of the USSR.
"J. Brief causes "reverse Nixon", Luce wrote. "Convergence of decades is reversed. This is happening at a speed that even surprises Americans.
It was five months ago and everything has grown since then.