LONDON – The English coronavirus pandemic killed the highest percentage of deaths in any European country – the attack lasted longer and spread to more places than affected nations such as Italy and Spain, the government said in a statement. on Thursday.
The results in a report by the British National Bureau of Statistics painted a gloomy picture of how Britain, especially England, survived the first wave of the pandemic. They arrived when Prime Minister Boris Johnson drew attention to other countries ’struggles to control new infections in an effort to get more of them into travel quarantine.
Critics said Mr Johnson had tried to divert attention from his own frightening initial response to the pandemic, which they said left the country as vulnerable as the revival to its neighbors.
When the number of virus deaths in Britain in May exceeded the deaths of other European countries for the first time, Mr Johnson said cross-country comparisons were cruel because governments collected and analyzed data differently.
However, Statistics said it avoided these pitfalls by examining mortality in all European countries from January to June for all causes, not just those classified as Covid-19, a disease caused by the virus, and comparing them with average data from 2015 to 2015. . 2019.
Covid-19 deaths that were not labeled and deaths indirectly related to the pandemic, such as deaths where hospitals did not have access to hospitals, are taken into account here. According to demographers, the most accurate indicator of deaths during a pandemic is the determination of excess mortality.
There are a number of major data gaps, including a lack of statistics from Germany, the country with the largest population in Western Europe and the country with better productivity and death rates than the majority.
The report also does not provide raw increases in the number of deaths in each country, but rather presents a relatively higher than historical average number of deaths, adjusted for factors such as age differences.
The Bureau of Statistics separately estimated that there were 55,763 deaths in the UK since 14 March, when the virus began spreading on 17 July. An analysis by the New York Times shows that the number of deaths in Britain during the same period exceeded 62.6 thousand, to date. most in Europe and at that time of year mortality increased by 31%.
The UK report confirms the devastating images of hospitals covered in March and April in Italy and Spain. During the peak, deaths in parts of Spain and Italy increased much more than in any part of Britain, and in March. In the early epicenter of central Bergamo, northern Italy, it rose to 9.5 times more than usual.
In England, where the local increase was not so sharp, in mid-April Brent, the London district, jumped the most to 4.5 times. Birmingham, the largest peak in the British city, was 3 ½ times higher than the average of recent years.
However, all-British mortality was higher than in Spain or Italy, and that number spread to every corner of the country.
“Top mortality was geographically prevalent throughout the UK during the pandemic, while it was more geographically localized in many Western European countries,” said Edward Morgan, an expert in health analysis and life events at the National Statistics Office.
In many European countries, mortality increased in late March and early April. The worst week in March was the worst in Europe, with more than 33,000 deaths, with more than 12,500 more deaths in Spain alone than expected in 2016-2019. According to data from more than 6,500 in Italy, the French say in a second study. National Statistical Agency, INSEE.
All in all, Italy reported 35,129 deaths at Covid-19, Spain reported 28,441, but a Times analysis indicates that the death toll exceeds 44,000 in each of these countries.
The British report focused on England rather than the UK as a whole, as she said the governments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland were managing their health policies, often with different results. England, much of Britain, recorded a much higher rate of deaths during the pandemic than others.
Public health experts attributed a large British charge in part to the time Mr Johnson was put in custody – a week after the events in Italy and Spain. In early March, the government abandoned a mass screening and contact search program, depriving it of data on how quickly the virus spread in the population.
Mr. Johnson’s messages may have played out by accident. Excited about the overrun of national health services due to the presence of hospitals in Italy, the Prime Minister urged people to “stay home” and “protect the NHS”
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frequently asked Questions
Updated for 2020 July 27
Should I refinance my mortgage?
- This may be a good idea because mortgage rates have never been lower. Due to refinancing applications, mortgage applications have reached their highest level since 2008, so be prepared to join. But default is also on the rise, so if you’re thinking about buying a home, keep in mind that some lenders have tightened their standards.
What will the school look like in September?
- It is unlikely that many schools will return to their normal schedule this fall, so there will be a need to continue online learning, to facilitate childcare and crushing working days. The two largest California public school districts – Los Angeles and San Diego – on July 13th. The instruction is said to be remote only in the fall, highlighting concerns that coronavirus infections in their area pose an excessive risk to students and teachers. About 825,000 students study together in the two districts. They are the largest in the country so far, abandoning plans to even partially physically return to classes when they reopen in August. In other areas, the solution will not be an all-or-nothing approach. Many systems, including the country’s largest New York, are developing hybrid plans for spending a few days in class and other days online. There is no national policy yet, so check your municipal school system regularly to see what’s going on in your community.
Is the coronavirus in the air?
- Coronavirus can stand for several hours in small droplets in stagnant air, infecting humans by inhalation, strong scientific evidence suggests. This risk is greatest in crowded indoor spaces where ventilation is poor, and this may help explain the particularly prevalent events reported in meat packing plants, churches, and restaurants. It is not known how often the virus is spread by these small droplets or aerosols compared to larger droplets that are released when a sick person coughs or sneezes or is transmitted through contact with contaminated surfaces, said Linsey Marr, an aerosol expert at Virginia Tech. Aerosols are released even when an asymptomatic person exhales, talks, or sings, says Dr. Marr and more than 200 other experts who set out the evidence in an open letter to the World Health Organization.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
Is there an asymptomatic transmission of Covid-19?
- So far, the evidence seems to suggest. A widely cited publication published in April states that people are most infected two days before the onset of coronavirus symptoms, and it is estimated that 44 percent of new infections were transmitted from people who have not yet shown symptoms. Recently, a top expert from the World Health Organization said that coronavirus was transmitted “very rarely” to people who had no symptoms, but she later rejected the claim.
British society has accepted this and hospitals have coped well with the flood of patients, one of the few highlights of the pandemic. But experts said some sick people who had to go to the hospital stayed at home – and at least some of them died of cancer, heart disease or other illnesses.
“Protect the NHS has been understood as ‘stay away from the NHS,'” said Devi Sridhar, president of the University of Edwinburg’s global public health program.
That could help explain one of the intriguing differences in the report, she said. This showed that in London, which was heavily affected by the virus, the percentage of deaths over the age of 65 and under the age of 65 was too high.
In Madrid and Barcelona, by contrast, there were huge differences between the over-65s and the rest of the population, which is in line with diseases that are more fatal to the elderly. Manchester and Birmingham also showed age differences, albeit slightly less pronounced.
Professor Sridhar said England should adopt a policy aimed at infecting new infections to zero, similar to the Scottish Government’s policy. With such a policy, she said, it would make sense for the government to screen incoming travelers and impose strict quarantine if necessary.
“Otherwise,” she said, “given the high number of cases in the community, this could be seen as a spell against the second wave of Europe.”
Last weekend, British officials added Spain to the list of countries from which travelers have to isolate themselves for 14 days. They are now monitoring France, Belgium and Croatia, where there have been new outbreaks. Mr Johnson said he was determined to stop a second wave of infections imported by British holidaymakers.
Rapidly changing policies have disrupted thousands of holiday plans and met with criticism from the Spanish government and the flag-raising tourism business.
“We think this is a big departure from the government’s inability to be smarter,” said Steven Freudmann, chairman of the Institute for Travel and Tourism, an industry lobby group. “In fact, there is a greater risk of staying at home than in many of these countries.”
Elian Peltier contributed to the reporting.