Army scientists have designed and developed a realistic model of dog bite simulators to improve the performance of military and civilian K9s. Military working dogs often play a vital role in military operations.
Dogs perform a variety of capabilities in the military, including security, patrolling, explosive detection, tracking, search and rescue, protection, vigilance, and tactical duties. Trainers use military working dog bite training to help apprehend the abuser. This can also eliminate the need to use a weapon.
Army Research Service Senior Scientist Dr. Stephen Lee, one of the elements of the U.S. Army Development Command Army Research Laboratory, has led bite sleeve research and holds his own work patent. He supported the U.S. Army Special Operations Command in Fort Bragge, North Carolina, along with students from Wilson Textile College and a senior course in Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University.
“Military working dogs are a very important member of the team and their training is no less important,” Lee said. “These invaluable dogs provided unparalleled support in helping soldiers accomplish their mission and save the soldier̵7;s lives. This new bite sleeve training tool has been instrumental in creating effective combat dogs.”
The sleeves of many current bite workouts are too awkward to hide, making it harder to train dogs for real-world scenarios. Other sleeves are made of materials such as jute, which does not provide a realistic training scenario and can hesitate to reduce the performance of dogs at the target. Due to the silicone bite of the products, the trainer must attach additional accessories to the sleeve, which limits the training scenarios, removing the real concealment and possibly confusing the dog.
The new bite sleeve gives military working dogs an authentic human skin texture by biting the forearm area and reducing the target circle. This allows for a full mouth bite and a more realistic dog training scenario.
“Working with ARO on this project was an amazing experience for the students involved,” said Dr. Jesse Jur, Associate Professor of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science at Wilson College of Textiles, NC. “Everyone was inspired to improve the capabilities of the military working dog. The goals of the project were challenging and required the efforts of a multidisciplinary team in terms of both textile and materials engineering.”
Ensuring the safety of both dogs and their handlers was a key consideration in the development of the product. The research team ensured that the materials selected were not toxic to dogs and that the materials selected for caregivers would be puncture resistant.
The chewing sleeve consists of an outer silicone skin paired with an inner leather-based sleeve. The skin is a patented prosthesis-quality silicone product that looks and feels like the human body and has an inner mesh that supports resistance. The inner sleeve is a low-profile bite platform made of pressure-releasing foam and several layers of Kevlar fabric to allow a full mouth bite, and two adjustable straps allow it to fit any trainer.
The U.S. Army Special Operations Command is currently using a bite sleeve for training.
Other inventors listed in the patent are Paul Reid, ARO Systems Engineering and Technical Support Contractor, dr. Albena Ivanisevic, ARO Program Manager, who worked on technology while working at the faculty in NC State, U.S. Army Special Operations Command Soldiers, NC State. Bachelor students and professors of textile engineering dr. Jess Jur is a dr. Russell Gorga, who were design team advisors.
With Army funding, researchers at Campbello University are further refining the design of the concept, creating even more realistic skin that bleeds with artificial blood during a bite. Earlier this year, the Kinston Police Department successfully tested the prototype.
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Presented at the Army Research Laboratory
Citation: Scientists to improve training to create a realistic dog bite sleeve (July 29, 2020) July 30 From https://phys.org/news/2020-07-scientists-realistic-canine-sleeve.html
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