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Xi Jinping Is Determined By 2020 Stop all China's poverty. Can he do that?

  Gaibao village Kuaishou page where they receive money through videos of their daily lives

The idea of ​​turning videos from the village came from Gaibao's Chief Poverty Reduction Officer, Wu Yusheng, has helped the city of Guizhou to sell its organic products online.

Residents also receive virtual gifts from fans through a program that they can exchange for money.

Wu, who came to the village in 2018, said he had already reached his goal, but it was unclear whether Xi would do the same.

In the worst case, some experts fear that the ruling Communist Party can simply declare that poverty has been eradicated, regardless of reality, to avoid the awkward Xi.

"Local leaders take it very seriously, almost panic. Part of the problem is that they don't really know what to do, so they understand different solutions, ”he said. John Donaldson, Expert of Poverty and Associate Professor at the Singapore University of Management.

  Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the village to learn about the progress of poverty reduction in the village of Huaxi on 15 April.

Fighting Poverty

The dream of eradicating widespread poverty in China began at Xi. It opened in 1949. The power of the Communist Party. "The origin of the Chinese Communist Party was originally due to injustice and farmer poverty," said Donaldson.

However, Steve Tsang, director of the London Institute at the University of London, said that President Mao Zedong's economic experiments really set the country.

"1949 Shanghai was still a richer city than Hong Kong. 1949 Any coastal province was richer and more developed than Taiwan. 1979 Mao's disastrous big jump that began in 1958 was allegedly an attempt to transform the most agrarian society by industrialization and collectivization. Instead, it helped create hunger, which costs tens of millions of people and worsened poverty across the country

After Mao's death began. 1978 The then leader, Deng Xiaoping, began liberalizing the Chinese economy and one of the first reforms was to allow hard-working farmers to sell their surplus production profitably.
China's efforts to combat poverty have since been staggering . There were more than 750 million people living in poverty across the country, according to the World Bank – more than 60% of the population. Nearly 30 years later in 2019, Beijing says the figure has dropped to just 16.6 million.

One of the main statements of the Communist Party that has been in power in recent years was that it puts hundreds of millions out of poverty.

Perhaps for this reason Xi is still not satisfied. Despite the growing Chinese cities such as Shanghai or Beijing, some of China's rural population lives without electricity, fresh water and good food or clothing.

In his speech, Xi said he was inspired by his experience in rural areas in the 1960s, when his father, a well-known party official, fell from the Mao Cultural Revolution.

"Then I relaxed with the villagers to make life a little better, but it was harder than to reach the sky that year," he said.

  Farmers work in a collective collective farm in the 1950s. Near Beijing, China.

Roads, the Internet and the workplace

The government plan is basically divided into two strategies: large national policies and small local interventions.

At national level, policies are related to infrastructure costs . It Spends Billions of Dollars on Only $ 199 billion spent on various projects and initiatives across the country
More than 200,000 kilometers (124,274 miles) of roads were built or renovated in 2018. and 94 percent poor villages were connected to the Internet by government data.
Dozens of state-owned companies joined the campaign, and since 2019 More than $ 4 billion (30 billion yuan) have been spent on poverty reduction programs
Some of these big ticket projects have been triggered Many provincial governments have been accused of trying to simply move millions of poor people into newly built housing to displace them from poverty.

Some senior citizens of the countryside refused to go and others moved but then returned to their old homes. Maggie Lau, a professor at Hong Kong Lingnan University, said that such schemes are not always pragmatic. "If they move to a higher price area, how can they give such new cost of living?"

However, most of the anti-poverty campaign is small and has remained in the hands of local officials

"Every local local official (one above the village) for every poor household and trying to find out what is happening and why people are poor and how is it Donaldson described his comments in Chinese villages.

The proposed solutions vary widely, but often focus on encouraging rural people to get out of poverty by developing local industries, with the involvement of e. Trade and promotion of rural tourism.

While Donaldson said the efforts were "amazing", government officials spend too much time talking about poverty rather than tackling local problems. "The danger is that it will be a confusing mess," he said.

There is also a lack of patience for poor rural people who fail to get the program

February. In a report, Wu Weihua, vice-president of the national legislature, complained that some people simply do not want to "get involved".

"Some Poor People Even Thoughts:" You Don't Help, I Don't Feel ",

Corruption and Pollution

Failure to tolerate – and the government monitors where money is spent.

2018 March. The Provincial Governor was exiled from the Communist Party, partly due to his inability to deal with poverty in his jurisdiction. That year in October. Checks were carried out in the provinces of central and western China to check whether officials had adopted poverty reduction decisions.
The flood of government and corporate funds to address this problem has also revived the constant threat of corruption. According to the party's anti-transplant agency Central Disciplinary Inspectorate, more than 170,000 individuals were subject to disciplinary action in 2018 alone. The misappropriation of poverty reduction funds alone.

There were also signs that the government's focus on poverty is hampering another of its primary goals of environmental protection.

2015 The study found that the government's efforts to eradicate poverty in the economy reduced air and water quality in the affected regions.
Highly polluting industries were encouraged to set up a shop, bringing jobs and prosperity at the expense of the environment. Or, natural resources have been used for financial gain.

"Economic growth, poverty reduction and ecological degradation do not seem to be in line with long-term sustainable use of the environment, especially in terms of food security and access to food. "Clean water," the British and Chinese study said.

Some critics also point out that the government has focused on poverty in rural areas rather than cities, ignoring the less severe but still pressing urban problems.

"Completely confident"

Wu, Guizhou Rural Poverty Reduction Guide, said he was "absolutely convinced" the goal can be achieved.

"The government is doing everything to achieve this. the population of poverty is really accurate, it is not a problem if the whole society is making efforts, ”he said.

  China Xi Jinping launches its most important year at its weakest point

But experts and international observers say China poverty targets reach a minimum – more work will be needed in cities and rural areas to ensure everyone has a high quality of life

Qin Gao, Director of Columbia University China Social Policy Center, 2018 In his report, the government said that wider government support for health and employment would be more beneficial than individual initiatives or

"Only a combination of effective development tools and social policies and services can help China eliminate long-term rural poverty," she said.

But Donaldson said that even if the goal was to be achieved by 2020. he did not believe that the government would simply abandon poverty as a problem.

"Any responsible government would focus on helping you improve the living standards of people who cannot. be poor, but still struggling, ”he said. "I hope it will be on the dinner agenda."

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